The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is a landlocked exclave of Azerbaijan.
According to Armenian tradition, Nakhchivan was founded by Noah, of the Abrahamic religions.  The oldest material culture artifacts found in the region date back to the Neolithic Age. The region was part of the states of Mannae, Urartu and Media.  It became part of the Satrapy of Armenia under Achaemenid Persia circa 521 BC. After Alexander the Great's death (323 BC) various Macedonian generals such as Neoptolemus tried to take control of the region but ultimately failed and a native dynasty of Orontids flourished until Armenia was conquered by Antiochus III the Great.