The Georgians (Georgian: ქართველი ერი , Kartveli Eri) or ქართველები (Kartvelebi) in the Georgian language) are a nation and an ethnic group, originating in the Caucasus. The Georgian ethnic group (as a single entity) is one of the oldest ethnic groups in the world. Georgians are a part of the Ibero-Caucasian peoples (იბერიელ-კავკასიელი ხალხები) and are classified in the South Caucasian family ethnically, linguistically and culturally. Georgians are an ethnic group indigenous to the Caucasus region. The Georgian language has a rich literary tradition and the Georgian Alphabet is one of the fourteen unique alphabets which exist in the world today. The turbulent history of Georgia was marked by the national struggle for its existence and self-preservation. However, this ancient nation has managed to survive after numerous invasions by foreign powers for 4,000 years.
The Georgian population numbers about 1,800,000, and they are all Orthodox Christians, except the Adjars in the mountains near Batum, who were converted to Islam.
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