Armenian Y-DNA Haplogroup

I = Nordic, Pre-Celto-Germanic, Sardinian, Basque, Dinaric, Danubian=4,

R1a = Balto-Slavic, Mycenaean Greek, Macedonian=8,

R1b = Italic, Celtic, Germanic/ Hittite, Armenian=28,

G = Caucasian, Greco-Anatolian=11,

J2 = Mesopotamian, Minoan Greek, Phoenician=22,

J1 = Semitic- Arabic, Jewish=0,

E = North & East African, Near Eastern, Balkanic=5,

T = Near Eastern, Egyptian, Ethiopian, Arabic=6,

L = 4,

Q = 0,

N = 2,


“The study firmly shows that Armenian people are relatively homogeneous genetically.”

“Results indicate that all nine Armenian subpopulations studied, including those geographically isolated from the Republics of Armenia and Karabagh, fall within the same cluster. Not surprising, given the fact that these communities were formed by Armenians from practi- cally all of historic Armenia…”

“The low level of genetic distances between subpopulations indicates a high level of population homogeneity, and the genetic distances between Armenians and other populations show Armenians as a distinct ethnic group relative to others, reflecting the fact that Armenians have been an ‘isolated population’ throughout centuries.”

“Most importantly, our study provides evidence for detectable genetic differences between certain subpopulations of Armenians. ”

“Through centuries, many factors have isolated Armenians from their neighboring populations. Chief among these have been its topography, language, and religion. Thus, in spite of repeated invasions, few invaders have braved its harsh weather and settled in permanently. Instead, once invaded, the land was annexed to the invading empire (Persian, Byzantine, Roman, and Ottoman), and was ruled by the locals… The adoption of Christianity in 301 AD and the concurrent development of its own unique alphabet further isolated Armenians from their non-Christian neighbors.”

“… we show the lack of any significant admixture of genes of heterologous origin, indicating the preservation of the gene pool.”

“Although these forces of geography, language, and religion kept Armenians apart from their neighbors, they also served as the very forces that gave Armenians a strong sense of religious and cultural identity, and kept them united throughout their history, a history rife with invasions and mass migrations.”

“Our analysis confirms previous findings regarding the relationship of Armenians with various European populations, and their relative closeness to Bulgarians and Italians. In addition, based on HLA-DRB1 allele frequencies, our analysis also agrees with previous reports that place Armenians within the ‘Mediterranean’ substratum.

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